William E. Collins, PhD, and Geoffrey M. Jeffery, ScD
In this issue, we are privileged to bring you a message from our new society president, Dr. Kent Campbell. In "Looking Back, Looking Forward," we travel back 100 years to examine the malaria control effort during the construction of the Panama Canal, and we consider the President’s Malaria Initiative currently being conducted in Africa. Included are photographs of two pioneer American public health leaders of the early 20th century, Dr. Henry Rose Carter and Dr. Samuel T. Darling. We hope you will find their correspondence of interest along with the update on the President’s Malaria Initiative.
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
By Kent Campbell, MD, MPH
Greetings. I want to take this opportunity to thank you for electing me as your new president, and to share some themes I hope to explore with you over the coming year. I am interested in your feedback and ideas — and your commitment to make ASTMH ever stronger.
Our 2006 annual meeting in Atlanta testified to the recent growth of the society and our growing international profile. Attendance at this year’s meeting paralleled the previous two years, accompanied by a steady rise in international attendees. Impressive science — both in basic research, and field and program work — was reported.
A critical, although less visible, trend was also confirmed: many groups are now using our meeting to bring constituencies together for planning sessions and grantee deliberations. Several prominent individuals informed me during the week that this is far and away the most important meeting globally for their programs.
As a result, our society faces a remarkable opportunity. Thanks to excellent leadership and business management over the past five years, we have a solid financial base, a growing and diverse membership, and vibrant committees and interest groups within ASTMH. National and international interest and investment in the core issues to which the society is committed have also mushroomed in recent years. Increases in support for malaria control, vaccine research and HIV/AIDS are particularly noteworthy. Finally, the entry of major foundations into the global health arena is energizing our work to a degree that would have been unimaginable a mere decade ago.
I believe our society should bring the rich expertise of its members to promote tropical health. To this end, the council recently introduced two initiatives to help ASTMH evolve its profile and mission.
First of all the council will soon hold a planning retreat to review the ASTMH mission and assess how best to strengthen the impact of our society, and its members, on the current tropical and global health agenda. We will begin by assessing our strengths and weakness and considering how to optimally collaborate with other key societies and institutions. As we attempt to define and expand our mandate, we will always honor our basic strength in tropical diseases research.
Ramping up our society's legislative and policy work is the second initiative. The ASTMH Council recently engaged Garner, Carton and Douglas (GCD) to represent the society and to develop a strategic policy/advocacy plan reflecting the society’s mission. GCD believes ASTMH has great potential to exert leadership vis-à-vis key issues on the national agenda. The recently-formed ASTMH Policy and Advocacy Leadership Group, which I am leading, will chart a multi-year plan to raise the profile and capacity of the Society in national and global policy, advocacy and legislation.
ASTMH has become a leader. With your input and commitment we can exercise positive influence through our meetings, our engagement of national and global partners, and our policy agenda, to stem the burden of tropical diseases.
I encourage each of you to join in these society initiatives as they develop. Through this newsletter, I will provide you with periodic updates on our progress. In the meantime, contact me or Sally Finney, ASTMH executive director, at any time with your suggestions and input.
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
55th Annual Meeting Gathers Leaders in the Field
More than 2,400 attendees from around the globe helped make the 55th ASTMH Annual Meeting a resounding success. Participants from all facets of the tropical medicine and hygiene field traveled to the Atlanta Marriott Marquis from Nov. 12-16, to meet colleagues, share ideas and learn from leaders in the field.
A full slate of symposia, scientific sessions and plenary sessions filled the five-day schedule. An opening plenary session kicked off the meeting on Sunday, Nov. 12, and included the 2006 awards ceremony. Pre-meeting courses were held Friday, Nov. 10, and Saturday, Nov. 11.
Attendees at the opening plenary session
Sessions covered a gamut of topics in the tropical medicine and hygiene field, including:
100 Years of Rickettsia: Howard Taylor Ricketts Centenial Commemorative
Teaching Clinical Tropical Medicine to the Next Generation
Non-Vaccine Interventions for Preventing Diarrheal Diseases and Deaths
Public Health Training for the 21st Century: The Cutting Edge of Preparation
Malaria: Genetic Diversity in the Parasite and Human Host
The meeting also featured a variety of special events, including a student reception, a "Meet the Professors" chat and poster sessions.
"Workers in Tropical Medicine" video sessions were also held, highlighting prominent leaders in the field, including interviews with Karl Johnson, M.D. and William Collins, Ph.D.
The success of the annual meeting was largely due to the enthusiasm and efforts of a host of ASTMH members who devoted their time and energy to every last detail of the conference.
ASTMH thanks the following supporters of the 2006 annual meeting:
Burroughs Wellcome Fund ESAOTE SpA GlaxoSmithKline Focus Diagnostics, Inc. HolleyPharm International Association for Medical Assistance to Travelers Italian Society of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (SIUMB) Medicines for Malaria Venture National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Panbio Inc. Sanofi pasteur TechLab Inc.
Meeting attendees check out the exposition of displays in the Exhibit Hall
ASTMH thanks the following exhibitors from the 2006 annual meeting:
American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation ASM Press BEI Resources Berna Products Carramore International Cellestis Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative Elsevier GlaxoSmithKline International Center for Equal Healthcare Access (ICEAA) Institute for OneWorld Health Intercell International Society of Travel Medicine Inverness Medical Professional Diagnostics Jencons (Scientific) Ltd. London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Malaria Foundation International Malaria Research and Reference Resource Center (MR4) Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers MEASURE Evaluation Medicines for Malaria Venture National Center for Biotechnology Information National Research Council of the National Academies New York University Paesel + Lorei Pharma GmbH Panbio Inc. Sanofi Pasteur TechLab University of Pennsylvania Vestergaard Frandsen Inc. The Wellcome Trust
ASTMH thanks the following affiliate members:
Patron GlaxoSmithKline Donor HealthQuest Media Inc. TechLab Inc. Contributor Merck Research Laboratories Panbio Inc.
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
2006 Award Recipients Honored
The 2006 awards ceremony was held on Sunday, Nov. 12 during the opening plenary session of the ASTMH 55th Annual Meeting. See future editions of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene News for profiiles of award winners. Congratulations to the following award recipients:
Recognition Award in Global Health Victoria P. McGovern On behalf of Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Research Triangle Park, N.C., USA
ASTMH Past President Myron Levine presents the Recognition Award in Global Health to Victoria P. McGovern
Harry Hoogstraal Medal For outstanding lifelong service to medical entomology. Mario Coluzzi Universita di Roma, Rome, Italy
Richard M. Taylor Award For outstanding contributions to arbovirology. Charles Calisher Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colo., USA
Joseph Augustin LePrince Medal In recognition of outstanding work in the field of malariology. Stephen L. Hoffman Sanaria Inc., Rockville, Md., USA
Thomas E. Wellems National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md., USA
LePrince Medal winner Thomas E. Wellems with Louis Miller
Bailey K. Ashford Medal For distinguished work in tropical medicine. Jeremy Farrar University of Oxford, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam
Thomas A. Wynn National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md., USA
Young Investigator Awards Following is a list of the recipients of the 2006 Young Investigator Awards.
Brian Grimberg – Case Western Reserve University/Invasion inhibition of P.vivax by Anti-Duffy Binding Protein antibodies
Robin Moudy – Wadsworth Center, N.Y. State Health Department/Displacement of the introduced genotype of West Nile virus in New York state
Kristina Persson – The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Melbourne/Phenotypic variation in P. falciparum invasion of erythrocytes is a mechanism of immune evasion
Naomi Lucchi – University of Georgia/Human syncytiotrophoblast sells play an active role in the immune response to placental malaria
Robert Tweyongyere – Makerere University/The effect of praziquantel treatment on immune responses against Schistosomiasis mansini during pregnancy: cytokine and antibody responses in pregnant women and their infants
Adrienne Meyers – University of Manitoba/A role for the Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever Virus (CCHFV) nucleoprotein in mediating particle assembly and release
Mathieu Gissot – Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Disruption of plasmodium transcription factor HMGB2 impairs oocyst formation
Jennifer Spence – Old Dominion University/Inhibition of yeast hexokinase activity by artemisinin: an in vitro model of drug-protein binding
Elsevier Student Book Award
This award is designed to recognize excellence in clinically-oriented research presented by student (within six months of completing undergraduate or master's level training, including medical undergraduate degrees) or person in graduate medical training, of work submitted and presented (oral or poster) at the ASTMH annual meeting.
The 2006 recipient is Sarah Landis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, for her abstract, "Use of Ultrasound Technology to Investigate the Temporal Relationship between Maternal Malaria Infection and in utero Fetal Growth."
2006 Benjamin H. Kean Traveling Fellowships Recipients
The fellowship is designed to support medical students involved in clinical or research electives in tropical areas, and provide life-transforming experiences that will inspire careers dedicated to research, control and treatment of infectious tropical diseases that afflict the world’s poorest people.
The 2006 recipients are:
Karl Bezak from Vanderbilt University will study malaria immunology in Peru.
Kara Goss from Baylor College of Medicine will study clinical tropical medicine in Peru.
Victoria Kuohung from Yale University will study skin conditions in people on anti-retroviral therapy for HIV in Uganda.
Alyssa Lovell will study clinical tropical medicine in Tanzania.
Douglas Olson from George Washington University will study clinical tropical medicine in South Africa.
Christina Polyak from the University of Maryland School of Medicine will study malaria-HIV interactions in Malawi.
Heather Strah from the University of Iowa will study clinical tropical medicine in Brazil.
Luisa Stamm from the University of California, San Francisco will study clinical tropical medicine in Uganda.
Marisa Wagner from Harvard Medical School will study interactions between malaria and lymphatic filariasis in Mali.
Louise Vaz from Vanderbilt University will study infectious diarrhea in Brazil.
2006 American Committee of Medical Entomology Travel Award Recipients
Luca Facchinelli Univerity of Rome "La Sapienza" Rome, Italy
Sonja Kjos Texas A&M University College Station, Tx., USA
2006 Honorary Members An honorary member is any individual, not an American citizen, who has made eminent contributions to some phase of tropical medicine or hygiene. Congratulations to the honorary member class of 2006:
Michael Good The Queensland Institute of Medical Research Herston, Australia
John Horton Tropical Projects Hitchin, United Kingdom
2006 Honorary Member John Horton
2006 Gorgas Memorial Institute Research Award This award is designed to enhance and facilitate the development of scientific linkages between Panama, nations of Central America, tropical and sub-tropical South America and the Caribbean Islands, Mexico and the United States and Canada through support of short-term travel for young research investigators from these regions. The 2006 recipients are:
Kathleen Page Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Md., USA
Mary Hayden University of Colorado Boulder, Colo., USA
2006 Burroughs Wellcome Fund – ASTMH Postdoctoral Fellowship in Tropical Infectious Disease This fellowships provides support for individuals to conduct research in tropical infectious diseases (and, on occasion, other clinical conditions unique to tropical medicine). Applications for the 2006 application cycle were reviewed during the 2005 annual meeting in Washington, D.C. The recipient is David Christiansen of the University of Utah.
Pfizer Centennial Travel Award in Basic Science Tropical Disease Research The purpose of this award is to facilitate international collaboration in basic science aspects of tropical infectious diseases and to provide interested physicians or scientists the opportunity to obtain hands-on field experience in, in combination with laboratory studies of, parasitic, bacterial or viral infectious diseases in endemic developing countries.
Recipients selected to receive funding in 2007 are:
Erika Lamb Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Bethesda, Md., USA
Scott Westenberger The Scripps Research Institute La Jolla, Calif., USA
Stephen Popper Stanford University School of Medicine Stanford, Calif., USA
2006 ASTMH Travel Award Recipients
2006 Travel Awards Supported with funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Ibne Karim M. Ali Stanford University Stanford, Calif., USA
Tran Chau Nguyen Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Clinical Research Unit HoChiMinh, Vietnam
Rushina Cholera National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Bethesda, Md., USA
Josue da Costa Lima, Jr. Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Joseph Fair Tulane University Fort Detrick, Md., USA
Judith Easterbrook The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Baltimore, Md., USA
Darryl Falzarano University of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Yvette A. Girard University of Texas Medical Branch Galveston, Tx., USA
Moses R. Kamya Makerere University Kampala, Uganda
Rebekah Kent The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Baltimore, Md., USA
Mark Kuniholm The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Baltimore, Md., USA
Daniella Martins Federal University of Rio Grande del Norte Natal, Brazil
Kriti Mittal Clemson University Clemson, S.C., USA
Luciano Moreira Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Kija Ng'habi Ifakara Health Research and Development Center Morogoro, Tanzania
Denise Njama-Meya Makerere University Kampala, Uganda
Jonathan M. Sherman Mayo Medical School Rochester, Minn., USA
Ratawan Ubalee Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences (AFRIMS) Bangkok, Thailand
Tsin Wen Yeo Menzies School of Health Research Darwin, Australia
Karine Zevallos Villegas Universidad Peruana Cayeto Heredia Peru Iquitos, Peru
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
Looking Back, Looking Forward
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) includes a major component to protect people in their homes through the use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs). In one of the first major successful antimalarial campaigns in the Americas, Col. W. C. Gorgas reported from the Canal Zone in 1910 that mosquito control was successfully maintained by having a man kill the resting mosquitoes on the walls in the tents and small buildings each morning. We recently came across a letter to Dr. Henry Rose Carter (see image below), the famous yellow fever expert and head of hospitals in the Canal Zone from Dr. Samuel T. Darling, chief of laboratory for the board of wealth, in which Dr. Darling points out the efficacy of this “practice of killing mosquitoes in the barracks every morning.”
Dr. Henry Rose Carter Dr. Samuel T. Darling
Today, ITNs are only part of the PMI efforts to control mosquitoes in sub-Saharan African homes. PMI plans to meet its goal of cutting malaria-related deaths by 50 percent in targeted countries by reaching the most vulnerable groups — children under 5 years of age and pregnant women — with an integrated package of proven and effective control measures, which includes indoor residual spraying (IRS). In the first countries that PMI has targeted — Angola, Tanzania and Uganda — nearly 1.5 million ITNs, most of which are long-lasting ITNs (LLINs), have been distributed, and more than 2 million people have benefited from IRS. Other PMI interventions include artemesinin-based combination therapies (ACTS) to treat pregnant women and their babies from the adverse consequences of malaria during pregnancy. These interventions are working. Early results of malaria control interventions supported by PMI and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in Zanzibar (LLIN distribution and provision of ACTs) have been dramatic. An assessment of malaria cases at public health facilities on Unguja and Pemba (Zanzibar islands) in May 2006 showed a 23 percent decline from the previous year.
PMI is a $1.2 billion, five-year collaborative initiative led by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), in conjunction with the Department of Health and Human Services (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), the Department of State, the White House, and others, working closely with national malaria control programs. The effort commenced in 2005 with the first 3 target countries and in November 2006 expanded to Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda and Senegal. In December 2006, PMI selected an additional 8 countries to receive U.S. support: Ghana, Madagascar, Mali, Zambia, Kenya, Liberia, Ethiopia and Benin.
ASTMH, in conjunction with the American Committee on Clinical Tropical Medicine and Travelers' Health (ACCTMTH), is offering an Intensive Update Course in Clinical Tropical Medicine and Travelers’ Health, tentatively scheduled for October 2-3, 2007, immediately preceding the IDSA 45th Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.
2007 Dues Renewals
Electronic dues notices were sent out last month. Renew your membership today to ensure you continue to receive all the benefits of being an ASTMH member. Consider a donation to one of the following society funds:
Dr. McNeil will have principal responsibility for directing MVI’s early-stage vaccine development efforts and for shaping and managing MVI’s overall candidate vaccine portfolio. Currently, MVI is supporting the development of 12 malaria vaccine candidates, seven of which are advancing in the preclinical arena and five of which are moving through clinical development. The portfolio includes GlaxoSmithKline Biological’s RTS,S malaria vaccine, the world’s leading malaria vaccine candidate. Since its inception, MVI has established 11 vaccine development partnerships and has supported 27 clinical trials in Africa, Europe and the United States.
Dr. McNeil comes to MVI from the Dale and Betty Bumpers Vaccine Research Center (VRC) at the National Institute of Health. Previously, he was a product manager for HIV vaccine advanced development to the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command at Fort Detrick, Md.
Commenting on the appointment, Melinda Moree, director of MVI, said, “John McNeil brings to MVI invaluable experience in managing the development of vaccines in the United States and internationally. We are gratified to have someone of his immense talents join the effort to develop vaccines against a disease that kills 3,000 children every day.”
Have information or tips about ASTMH members in the news? Contact Tropical Medicine & Hygiene News managing editor Matthew Lesh.
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
Members in the News - In Memoriam
Andrew Spielman Andrew Spielman, ScD, Harvard School of Public Health professor, died Dec. 20, 2006, in Boston of an undiagnosed illness at age 76. He was one of the world’s leading experts on insect-borne diseases including malaria, dengue fever and Lyme Disease.
Born and raised in New York, Spielman received his undergraduate degree in zoology from Colorado College in 1952, then earned a doctorate in pathobiology from Johns Hopkins University in 1956. He assisted the Navy with mosquito control issues in Guantanamo, Cuba, before joining the Harvard as an instructor in the Department of Tropical Public Health. When he died, Spielman was professor of tropical health in the Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases.
He wrote or co-wrote more than 360 publications including the acclaimed 2001 book, "Mosquito: A Natural History of Our Most Persistent and Deadly Foe."
His seminal work included investigations into the transmission and impact of eastern equine encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and Lyme disease, including the recognition that the increase in Lyme disease cases was mostly due to an increase in the deer population.
A member of ASTMH, Spielman was awarded the Hoogstraal Medal for outstanding achievement in medical entomology, just one of his numerous international awards and honors over the course of his career.
Spielman was also a faculty associate in the Center for International Development at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government and head of the Laboratory of Public Health Entomology. He served on numerous advisory boards, including the U.N. Millennium Task Force for Malaria and the editorial boards of The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene and Parasitology Research.
Spielman is survived by wife Judy, daughters Deborah and Sue, son David, a brother, five granddaughters and two grandsons.
Brian Duke Brian Duke, a leading parasitologist, died June 3, 2006, in Lancaster, England at age 79.
Born in Uganda in 1926, Dr. Duke received his undergraduate, MA, MD and ScD degrees from Cambridge University in London. He was admitted to Membership of the Royal College of Physicians of London (MRCP) in 1967 and was elected a Fellow of that college (FRCP) in 1975.
Selected as an honorary ASTMH member in 2003, Dr. Duke received numerous awards throughout his career, including the Buxton Memorial Prize from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (1961), the Frederick Murgatroyd Memorial Prize from the Royal College of Physicians of London (1967), the Chalmers Medal from the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (1969), and the Frank O'Connor Award for Filariasis (1973). In 2002, Dr. Duke was presented with the first International Mectizan Award by Merck and Company for outstanding contributions to the control of human onchocerciasis.
He was also appointed to Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in 1961 by Queen Elizabeth II, and promoted in 1975 to the rank of commander for services to the community in Cameroon.
During his 23 years as pathologist-in-charge of the Loiasis Research Scheme at Kumba in the British Cameroons, Dr. Duke developed a research program, initially for loiasis and later for river blindness, which produced many methods still being used today. His seminal work in onchocerciasis research combined disciplines, joined both field and laboratory studies and led to the development of an animal model for the disease.
In 1975, Dr. Duke joined the World Health Organization, and became a tireless advocate for a safe drug to control river blindness. His efforts led to the Mectizan Donation Program, one of the most successful therapeutic programs in recent tropical medicine history.
Jane Wicker Jeffery Jane Wicker Jeffery, wife of Geoffrey M. Jeffery, former president of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene and long-time friend of many members of the society, died on November 25, 2006.
Gedelle Brabham Young Gedelle Brabham Young, wife of the late Martin D. Young, first president of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and a longtime friend of many members of the society, died on June 6, 2006.
ASTMH Newsletter: Volume 56 Number 1
XIII Tropical Medicine Expedition to Uganda January 2-February 9, 2007 Kampala, Uganda Contact: Kay Schaefer (MD, PhD, MSc, DTM&H) Phone/Fax: +49-221-340 49 05 email@example.com www.tropmedex.com
The Preparatory Course for the International Society of Travel Medicine Certificate in Travel Health February 9-10, 2007 Liverpool, United Kingdom Information and online registration at: www.nathnac.org
The Preparatory Course for the International Society of Travel Medicine Certificate in Travel Health February 9-11, 2007 Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas Information and online registration at: www.istm.org
IMED 2007: International Meeting on Emerging Diseases and Surveillance February 23-25, 2007 Vienna, Austria Host: International Society for Infectious Diseases firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 617-277-0551 Fax: +617-278-9113 http://imed.isid.org/
XV Tropical Medicine Expedition to Kenya February 25-March 9, 2007 Nairobi, Kenya Contact: Kay Schaefer (MD, PhD, MSc, DTM&H) Phone/Fax: +49-221-340 49 05 email@example.com www.tropmedex.com
Ambulatory Pediatric Association Annual Meeting May 5-8, 2007 Toronto, ON, Canada Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 703-556-9222 Fax Number: 703-556-8729
Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Centenary Meeting September 13-15, 2007 Queen Elizabeth Conference Centre Westminster, England Contact: Nina Woods RSTMH Conference Secretariat Phone: +44 (0) 1865 843297 Fax: +44 (0) 1865 843958 email@example.com
CXXXV American Public Health Association (APHA) Annual Meeting November 4-8, 2007 Washington, DC, USA Contact: Coordinator, APHA Annual Meeting Phone: 202-777-2477 Fax: 202-777-2530 firstname.lastname@example.org www.apha.org
56th ASTMH Annual Meeting November 4-8, 2007 Philadelphia, PA, USA Contact: email@example.com Phone: 847-480-9592 Fax: 847-480-9282 More information